{"_id":"5783de22359cd219005453f7","user":{"_id":"57595ebe18760817001e8bc9","username":"","name":"Virgil"},"__v":0,"initVersion":{"_id":"57595fb5a2d9990e00a86d77","version":"1.0"},"project":"57595fb5a2d9990e00a86d74","hidden":false,"createdAt":"2016-07-11T17:57:54.169Z","fullscreen":false,"htmlmode":false,"html":"","body":"There's a lot going in in the LegalTech industry, [says TechCrunch.](http://techcrunch.com/2014/12/06/legal-tech-startups-have-a-short-history-and-a-bright-future)\n\n# Overview\n## Contemporary Commentary\n[block:html]\n{\n  \"html\": \"<ul class=\\\"li-inline\\\">\\n\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.cnbc.com/2017/02/17/lawyers-could-be-replaced-by-artificial-intelligence.html\\\">Lawyers could be the next profession to be automated</a></li>\\n\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.wired.co.uk/article/contracts-hackers-lawyers\\\">The blockchain came after bankers and now it's going after lawyers</a></li>\\n\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2701092&rec=1&srcabs=2690435&alg=1&pos=2\\\">Can Robots Be Lawyers? Computers, Lawyers, and the Practice of Law</li>\\n\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.forbes.com/sites/walshpadraig/2016/09/20/how-technology-is-changing-law-in-asia/#54987c004537\\\">Forbes: How Technology is changing law</li>\\n\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://www.amazon.com/Tomorrows-Lawyers-Introduction-Your-Future/dp/019966806X\\\">Tomorrow's Lawyers</li>\\n\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://techcrunch.com/2014/08/05/the-jury-is-out-on-legal-startups/\\\">The Jury Is Out On Legal Startups</a></li>\\n\\t<li>Number of Legal Startups <a href=\\\"http://www.lawsitesblog.com/2016/04/number-legal-startups-nearly-triples-two-years.html\\\">Nearly Triples in Two Years</a> which attracts rebuttal <a href=\\\"http://associatesmind.com/2016/04/20/not-explosion-legaltech/\\\">There is NOT An Explosion In LegalTech</a> </li>\\n    </ul>\\n\"\n}\n[/block]\n\n## Popular lists\n[block:html]\n{\n  \"html\": \"<ul class=\\\"li-inline\\\">\\n\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://www.cbinsights.com/blog/legal-tech-market-map-company-list/\\\">CB Insights, Legal Tech Market Map: 50 Startups Disrupting The Legal Industry, July 13 2016</a></li>\\n\\t<li> Legal Execute Institute published a  <a href=\\\"http://legalexecutiveinstitute.com/legal-tech-startups/\\\">taxonomy of recent legaltech startups</a> which is a kind of legal tech landscape</li>\\n  <li> <a href=\\\"https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/new-spectrum-legal-services-patrick-dransfield?trk=hp-feed-article-title-like\\\">The New Spectrum of Legal Services</a></li>\\n\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://techindex.law.stanford.edu/\\\">Smart Contracts: 12 Use Cases for Business & Beyond</a> by Deloitte's Smart Contract Alliance</li>\\n    </ul>\\n\"\n}\n[/block]\n\n## From the Investor Perspective\n[block:html]\n{\n  \"html\": \"<ul class=\\\"li-inline\\\">\\n\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/c3a9347e-fdb4-11e5-b5f5-070dca6d0a0d.html#axzz45iKAu8vS\\\"><i>Breaking The Law</i> -- Financial Times, Michael Skapinker, April 11, 2016.</a></li>\\n\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://medium.com/@ConsenSys/what-if-we-developed-legal-contracts-like-we-developed-software-applications-1b5bc8fbb915#.uoiiqx9ku\\\">What if we developed legal contracts like we developed software applications?</a> -- Guest post by Joe Dewey, April 6, 2016</li>\\n\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.lawtechnologytoday.org/2014/12/smart-startups/\\\">Bessemer reviews their LegalTech portfolio</a> December 16, 2014</li>\\n\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://tech.co/legal-industry-startup-invasion-2013-03\\\">6 Reasons the Legal Industry is Ripe for Startup Invasion</a> March, 2013</li>\\n\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://peermonitor.thomsonreuters.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/2016_PM_GT_Final-Report.pdf\\\">2016 Report on the State of the Legal Market</a> shows the legal industry in the crosshairs</li>\\n\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.coindesk.com/barclays-smart-contracts-templates-demo-r3-corda/\\\">Coindesk describes Barclay's work with Corda</a> and links to some slides about <a href=\\\"https://www.scribd.com/doc/310534422/Smart-Contract-Templates-1\\\">Smart Contract Templates</a></li>\\n\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.uclalawreview.org/four-futures-legal-automation/\\\">Four Futures of Legal Automation</a>, UCLA Law Revie.</li>\\n    </ul>\\n\"\n}\n[/block]\n# Law Online\n\n## Early Stage Investment Templates for Startups\n\nLegalese is importing all of these agreements. After you configure your deal in a spreadsheet *once*, Legalese will compile *all* the agreements you need, automatically translated for your jurisdiction.\n[block:html]\n{\n  \"html\": \"\\t\\t  <ul class=\\\"li-inline\\\">\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.ycombinator.com/documents/\\\">Y Combinator</a> has both Series AA and SAFE instruments in four flavours</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.techstars.com/docs/\\\">Techstars</a> has both equity and debt instruments</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.500.co/kiss\\\">500 Startups</a> offers the KISS</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.seriesseed.com/\\\">Series Seed</a> (also for <a href=\\\"http://www.seriesseed.fi/\\\">Finland</a> and <a href=\\\"http://seriesseed.in/\\\">India</a>)</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://seedsummit.org/legal-docs/\\\">SeedSummit for Europe, by SeedCamp</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://shockwaveinnovations.com/2013/12/21/reviewing-the-new-safe-investment-instrument/\\\">Comparative reviews</a>.</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.contractual.ly/\\\">Contractual.ly</a></li>\\n\\t\\t  </ul>\\n\"\n}\n[/block]\n\n## Workflow Solutions for Startups\n[block:html]\n{\n  \"html\": \"\\t\\t\\t<ul class=\\\"li-inline\\\">\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://stripe.com/atlas\\\">Stripe Atlas</a> (Delaware)</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://www.flashfunders.com/\\\">FlashFunders</a> is an equity crowdfunding platform with a ton of augmentations, <a href=\\\"http://techcrunch.com/2015/05/11/equity-crowdfunding-platform-flashfunders-is-automating-securities-law-for-seed-stage-rounds/#.umyjoj:J2Lt\\\">according to Techcrunch</a>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://www.ironcladapp.com/\\\">Ironclad</a> automates a range of startup-friendly legal templates, with Dropbox and HelloSign integration (for values of \\\"startup\\\" that mean \\\"Delaware corporations operating in California\\\")</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://valcu.co/\\\">Valcu</a> offers document automation and some scripting</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://hellobonsai.com/\\\">Bonsai</a> helps freelancers get paid</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://captable.io/\\\">Captable.io</a> </li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://www.esharesinc.com/\\\">eShares</a> </li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://termsheet.io/\\\">Termsheet.io</a> (India &amp; US) does incorporations and fundings</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://www.clerky.com/\\\">Clerky</a> (Delaware) does incorporations and fundings</li>\\n        <li> <a href=\\\"https://www.legistify.com/\\\">Legistify</a> does incorporations and fundings</li>\\n        <li> <a href=\\\"https://get-paper.com/\\\">Paper</a> does incorporations and fundings</li>\\n        <li> <a href=\\\"http://startuplawyer.com/\\\">StartupLawyer</a> does incorporations and fundings</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://www.startupdocuments.com/\\\">StartupDocuments</a> is affiliated with <a href=\\\"http://bedrocksf.com/\\\">Bedrock</a>; does incorporations and fundings</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://dragonlaw.com.hk/\\\">DragonLaw</a> (Hong Kong and Singapore) has lots of templates</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://patentory.com/\\\">Patentory</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.concordnow.com/\\\">Concord</a> is end-to-end contract signature management</li>\\n        <li> <a href=\\\"https://techcrunch.com/2017/04/05/seedlegals-automation-aims-to-replace-lawyers-in-startup-funding-rounds/\\\">SeedLegals</a> does it in the UK</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t</ul>\"\n}\n[/block]\n## Workflow Apps for Specific Verticals\n[block:html]\n{\n  \"html\": \"<ul class=\\\"li-inline\\\">\\n    <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.cp-desk.com/\\\">CP Desk</a> is a good example of a vertical-specific legal application &ndash; in this case for shipping.</li>\\n    <li><a href=\\\"http://www.thedocyard.co/\\\">The Doc Yard</a> is a polished app for lawyers to address the paint point of deal negotiation and closing.</li>\\n  <li><a href=\\\"legalspace.world/service/visa\\\">Legal Space</a> is a digital immigration and visa solution for relocating to the USA.</li>\\n  <li><a href=\\\"https://www.iubenda.com/\\\">Iubenda</a> generates T&Cs for privacy policies and cookies</li>\\n  <li><a href=\\\"https://www.wevorce.com/\\\">Wevorce</a></li>\\n  <li><a href=\\\"https://parleypro.com/\\\">ParleyPro</a></li>\\n  <li><a href=\\\"https://greenlines.com/\\\">GreenLines</a></li>\\n  <li><a href=\\\"http://www.brightleaf.com/\\\">BrightLeaf</a></li>\\n  <li><a href=\\\"http://www.trademarkia.com/\\\">Trademarkia</a></li>\\n</ul>\"\n}\n[/block]\n## Template Libraries for Startups\n[block:html]\n{\n  \"html\": \"<ul class=\\\"li-inline\\\">\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://www.documents-taylorwessing.com/\\\">Taylor Wessing's Documents</a> (UK)</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.bvca.co.uk/ResearchPublications/Publications/StandardIndustryDocuments/Modeldocumentsforearlystageinvestments.aspx\\\">BVCA</a> (UK)</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://www.orrick.com/practices/corporate/emergingCompanies/startup/forms_index.asp\\\">Orrick's Start-Up Forms Library</a>\\n\\t\\t\\t\\tand <a href=\\\"https://tsc.orrick.com/\\\">term sheets</a>  </li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://legal.cf.sg/\\\">Legal.CF.SG</a>  </li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.lawcanvas.com/\\\">LawCanvas &ndash; Easy Legal Documents for Singapore</a>  </li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://simmondsstewart.com/templates/\\\">Simmonds Stewart</a> for New Zealand and <a href=\\\"https://simmondsstewart.com/guides/raising-seed-capital-in-southeast-asia/\\\">Singapore</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.forbes.com/sites/chancebarnett/2014/05/30/the-entrepreneurs-guide-to-term-sheets-and-equity-crowdfunding/\\\">The\\n\\t\\t\\t\\t  Entrepreneur's Guide to Term Sheets and Equity Crowdfunding</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.legalzebra.com.au/legal-forms/shareholders-agreement-template/\\\">LegalZebra</a> (for Australia)</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.avcal.com.au/resources/open-source-seed-financing-documents\\\">AVCAL</a> (for Australia)</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t</ul>\\n\"\n}\n[/block]\n## Generic Template Libraries and Legal Marketplaces\n[block:html]\n{\n  \"html\": \"\\t\\t\\t<ul class=\\\"li-inline\\\">\\n        <li> <a href=\\\"https://www.legistify.com/\\\">Legistify</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://legalzoom.com/\\\">LegalZoom</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://nolo.com/\\\">Nolo</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.rocketlawyer.com/\\\">RocketLawyer</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.avvo.com/\\\">Avvo</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://123.ai/\\\">123.AI</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://www.asialawnetwork.com/\\\">Asia Law Network</a> (for Singapore) </li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://www.lawdingo.com/\\\">LawDingo</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://www.upcounsel.com/\\\">UpCounsel</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.firstcounsel.co/\\\">FirstCounsel</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://www.bodhala.com/\\\">Bodhala</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://www.priorilegal.com/\\\">Priori Legal</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://lawtrades.com/\\\">Lawtrades</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://www.lexoo.co.uk/\\\">Lexoo</a>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://lawkick.com/\\\">LawKick</a>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.docracy.com/\\\">Docracy</a>  </li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://onecle.com/\\\">Onecle</a>  </li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://www.ilrg.com/forms\\\">ILRG Legal Forms Archive</a>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.lawdepot.com/\\\">LawDepot</a>  </li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://techcrunch.com/2015/09/03/goodbye-docstoc/\\\">DocStoc died</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.lawcanvas.com/\\\">LawCanvas</a> (for Singapore)  </li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://foundersuite.com/\\\">FounderSuite</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://www.fairdocument.com/how-it-works/index.html\\\">Fair Document</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.ndasforfree.com/\\\">NDAs for Free</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://www.lawgives.com/\\\">LawGives</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://angel.co/wirelawyer\\\">WireLawyer</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.lawpolis.com/\\\">Lawpolis</a></li>\\n        <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.biztree.com/\\\">Business-in-a-Box</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.adamsdrafting.com/downloads/Copyright-NYLJ-8.23.06.pdf\\\">Adams, Kenneth. Copyright and the Contract Drafter. New York Law Journal, 2006</a> asks: are contracts copyrightable?</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t</ul>\\n\"\n}\n[/block]\n\n## Education for Startups\n[block:html]\n{\n  \"html\": \"\\t\\t  <ul class=\\\"li-inline\\\">\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://quibb.com/links/how-startups-burn-money-on-lawyers/view\\\">How Startups Burn Money on Lawyers</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.quora.com/When-founding-a-startup-is-it-worth-immediately-investing-in-a-lawyer-or-can-you-get-by-with-pre-made-documents-from-the-likes-of-LawBite-and-similar-for-the-first-few-months\\\">When founding a startup is it worth immediately investing in a lawyer, or can you get by with pre-made documents?</a> on Quora.</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://heidiroizen.tumblr.com/post/118473647305/how-to-build-a-unicorn-from-scratch-and-walk\\\">Walkthrough</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.docracy.com/topic/5snzara7ks/term-sheet-guide-book?startPdfDownload=false\\\">Docracy's guide to Term Sheets</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.feld.com/archives/2005/08/term-sheet-series-wrap-up.html\\\">Brad Feld's Term Sheet Blog Series</a>, now available as a book,\\n\\t\\t\\t  <i><a href=\\\"http://www.amazon.com/Venture-Deals-Smarter-Lawyer-Capitalist-ebook/dp/B00AO2PWOI/\\\">Venture Deals</a></i></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.amazon.com/Deal-Terms-Venture-Structures-Valuations/dp/1587622084/\\\">Deal Terms, by Wilmerding</a>  </li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.marsdd.com/mars-library/angel-or-seed-investing-angel-term-sheets-for-startups/\\\">Angel or seed investing: Angel term sheets for startups</a>, from the MaRS Library</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.paulgraham.com/hiresfund.html\\\">Paul Graham on High Resolution Fundraising</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.bothsidesofthetable.com/2012/09/05/the-truth-about-convertible-debt-at-startups-and-the-hidden-terms-you-didnt-understand/\\\">The Truth About Convertible Debt at Startups and The Hidden Terms You Didn’t Understand</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.bothsidesofthetable.com/2014/09/17/bad-notes-on-venture-capital/\\\">Mark Suster's Bad Notes on Venture Capital</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.startupcompanylawyer.com/\\\">StartupCompanyLawyer</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.liveplan.com/\\\">LivePlan</a> helps you with forecasts</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://www.wrike.com/blog/ultimate-list-legal-resources-startups/\\\">The Ultimate List of Legal Resources for Startups</a></li>\\n\\t\\t  </ul>\"\n}\n[/block]\n## Cap Tables\n[block:html]\n{\n  \"html\": \"<ul class=\\\"li-inline\\\">\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.quora.com/What-is-the-best-cap-table-template-available-online\\\">See also Quora</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://venturehacks.com/articles/cap-table\\\">VentureHacks</a>  </li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.askthevc.com/wp/archives/tag/cap-table\\\">AskTheVC</a>  </li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://captable.io/\\\">Captable.io</a>  </li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://reportally.com/\\\">Reportally.com</a>  </li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://www.capshare.com/\\\">Capshare.com</a>  </li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://www.nasdaqprivatemarket.com/exactequity/?from=ee\\\">ExactEquity</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://esharesinc.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/articles/203979799-Pro-Forma-Round-Modeling-Spreadsheet\\\">eShares round modeling</a> which is gaining <a href=\\\"https://techcrunch.com/2015/08/18/eshares-now-valued-at-77-million-looks-far-beyond-silicon-valley-2/\\\">impressive marketshare</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t</ul>\"\n}\n[/block]\n## Other Tools for Startups and Investors\n[block:html]\n{\n  \"html\": \"\\t\\t  <ul class=\\\"li-inline\\\">\\n        <li> <a href=\\\"https://incorporations.io/\\\">Incorporations.io</a> finds the best jurisdiction in which to incorporate your particular startup</li>\\n        <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.valuative.com/\\\">Valuative</a> capital structure modeling and visualization</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.handshakes.com.sg/\\\">Handshakes</a> maps out all relationships between companies and persons</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://vcexperts.com/\\\">VCExperts</a> offers due diligence and other tools</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.justinvesting.com/home/products/\\\">JustInvesting</a> moves investing online</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.docdep.com/\\\">DocDep</a> takes you from investment to divestment</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://visible.vc/\\\">Visible.VC</a> offers a <a href=\\\"https://visible.vc/blog/tech-investing-software-stack/\\\">Tech Investing Software Stack</a></li>\\n        <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.venture360.com/\\\">Venture360</a> is a complete deal management platform for seed funds</li>\\n\\t\\t  </ul>\\n\"\n}\n[/block]\n## Document Generators by Law Firms\n[block:html]\n{\n  \"html\": \"\\t\\t\\t<ul class=\\\"li-inline\\\">\\n        <li><a href=\\\"http://www.radiantlaw.com/how-we-work/document-automation/\\\">RadiantLaw</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.cooleygo.com/documents/index-document-generators\\\">CooleyGo</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://www.wsgr.com/WSGR/Display.aspx?SectionName=practice/termsheet.htm\\\">Wilson Sonsini's Termsheet Generator</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://launch.wilmerhale.com/build/document-generator/\\\">Wilmerhale</a>  </li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.foundersworkbench.com/document-driver/\\\">Founders Workbench</a>  </li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://tsc.orrick.com/\\\">Orrick's Term Sheet Creator</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://ebrevia.com/\\\">eBrevia</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://kirasystems.com/\\\">DiligenceEngine</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://venturedocs.com/\\\">VentureDocs</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  \\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.vanillalaw.com.sg/\\\">Vanilla Law</a> by MG/Chambers <a href=\\\"http://www.straitstimes.com/business/companies-markets/software-designed-to-help-smes-with-legal-documents\\\">(news article)</a></li>\\n       <li><a href=\\\"https://www.ft.com/content/5d96dd72-83eb-11e6-8897-2359a58ac7a5?1475749023115=1\\\">TermFrame from Pinsent Masons</a> seems to be a wizard expediate lawyers choosing the ideal templates.</li>\\n<li>Allen & Overy and Deloiite make <a href=\\\"http://www.allenovery.com/news/en-gb/articles/Pages/AllenOvery-and-Deloitte-tackle-OTC-derivatives-market-challenge.aspx\\\">MarginMatrix</a> which codifies the law in various jurisdictions and automates drafting of certain kinds of multi-jurisdictional documents.</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t</ul>\\n\"\n}\n[/block]\n## Document Generators and More by Non-Law Firms\n[block:html]\n{\n  \"html\": \"\\t\\t\\t<ul class=\\\"li-inline\\\">\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.neotalogic.com/\\\">Neota Logic</a> has an expert system</li>\\n        <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.oracle.com/us/products/applications/oracle-policy-automation/overview/index.html\\\">Oracle Policy Automation</a> helps you build an expert system</li>\\n        <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.inrule.com/\\\">InRule</a></li>\\n        <li> <a href=\\\"http://coherentknowledge.com/ergo-suite-platform-architecture-and-technical-approach/\\\">Ergo</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://www.rocketlawyer.com/legal-documents-forms.rl\\\">RocketLawyer</a>  </li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.shakelaw.com/\\\">Shake</a></li>\\n        <li> <a href=\\\"http://formswift.com/\\\">FormSwift</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://contractstandards.com/\\\">Contract Standards</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://clausehound.com/\\\">Clausehound</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.ultradox.com/\\\">UltraDox</a> converts Google Docs to Microsoft Word</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.weagree.com/\\\">WeAgree</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.legalcontract.com/\\\">LegalContract</a> has good decent wizards covering the US</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://termsfeed.com/\\\">TermsFeed</a> generates EULAs, privacy policies, and more.</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://kmstandards.com/\\\">KM Standards (Kingsley Martin)</a> reads and writes contracts ― see <a href=\\\"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KBI8_tv2VDM&feature=youtu.be&t=11m15s\\\">his 2013 FutureLaw talk</a>.</li>\\n        <li> <a href=\\\"https://papersoftware.com/turner.html\\\">Turner</a> is a pleasant Mac-app.</li>\\n        <li><a href=\\\"https://www.synergist.io\\\">Synergist</a> is a contract negotiation platform with easily tunable knobs.</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t</ul>\"\n}\n[/block]\n## Document Assembly for Law Firms and In-House Counsel\n[block:html]\n{\n  \"html\": \"\\t\\t\\t<ul class=\\\"li-inline\\\">\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.hotdocs.com/\\\">HotDocs</a>  </li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.business-integrity.com/\\\">ContractExpress by Business Integrity</a>  </li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.exari.com/\\\">Exari</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://caserails.com/\\\">CaseRails</a></li>\\n        <li> <a href=\\\"http://xpressdox.com/\\\">XpressDox</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://docassemble.org/\\\">DocAssemble</a> is opensource (YAML and Python) and allows domain experts to build what <a href=\\\"https://cgi.csc.liv.ac.uk/~tbc/publications/deepModels.pdf\\\">TBC would call</a> a shallow-model expert system wizard.</li>\\n        <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.qnamarkup.org/\\\">QnA</a> is a DSL for conducting and displaying interviews.</li>\\n        <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.autto.io/\\\">Autto</a> is kind of IFTTT for lawyers, with workflows as an expert system</li>\\n        <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.oxlegal.com/\\\">OxLegal</a> was a startup</li>\\n        <li><a href=\\\"https://papersoftware.com/turner.html\\\">Turner</a> is a contract-drafting IDE</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t</ul>\\n\\n\\t\\t  <p>Every law firm has proprietary clause libraries. These are open</p>\\n\\t\\t  <ul class=\\\"li-inline\\\">\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://contractstandards.com/\\\">Contract Standards</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://lawpatch.org/\\\">LawPatch</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.commonaccord.org/\\\">CommonAccord</a></li>\\n        <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.commondraft.org/#ConfKExpress\\\">CommonDraft</a></li>\\n\\t\\t  </ul>\\n\\t\\t \"\n}\n[/block]\n## Other Legal Startups\n[block:html]\n{\n  \"html\": \"\\t\\t  <ul class=\\\"li-inline\\\">\\n        <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.asialawportal.com/2016/12/19/legal-startup-ai-law-set-to-deploy-an-army-of-robotic-lawyers-in-china/\\\">Ai.Law</a> will eat it all, from China.</li>\\n        <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.korumlegal.com/\\\">Korum Legal</a> is a boutique legal consultancy for special projects at cheaper rates. </li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://legalscience.io/\\\">Legal Science</a> tracks current law across 50 states</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://www.techinasia.com/fiscalnote-legal-tech-asia-expansion\\\">FiscalNote</a>, Tim Hwang's startup, has raised $20M</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.complyglobal.com/\\\">ComplyGlobal</a> helps big business cover their many widely dispersed asses</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.legaltechlabs.com/portfolio/\\\">LegalTechLabs</a> has a portfolio of startups</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.synergist.io/\\\">Synergist</a> is a platform for online negotiation</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://parleypro.com/\\\">Parley Pro</a> negotiate better contracts faster</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.businessinsider.com/joshua-browder-bot-for-parking-tickets-2016-2?IR=T&op=1&utm_content=bufferd4151&utm_medium=social&utm_source=facebook.com&utm_campaign=buffer?r=US&IR=T\\\">Joshua Browder's bot</a> gets you out of parking tickets</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.axiomlaw.com/\\\">Axiom</a> is positioning initially as an outsourcing option for in-house counsel See <a href=\\\"http://lawprofessors.typepad.com/legalwhiteboard/2013/11/is-axiom-the-bellwether-for-disruption-in-the-legal-industry-look-what-is-happening-in-houston.html\\\">coverage</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.judicata.com/\\\">Judicata</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.lexmachina.com/\\\">Lex Machina</a> groks patent law</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.elementaryip.com/\\\">elementaryIP</a> groks patent law</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.lawgeex.com/\\\">LawGeex</a> reads contracts</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://kirasystems.com/\\\">Kira</a> reads contracts</li>\\n        <li> <a href=\\\"http://beagle.ai/\\\">Beagle.ai</a> reads contracts</li>\\n  <li><a href=\\\"https://www.luminance.com/\\\">Luminance</a> reads contracts (and other documents in dataroooms)</li>\\n      <li><a href=\\\"https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-02-28/jpmorgan-marshals-an-army-of-developers-to-automate-high-finance\\\">JPMorgan</a> reads contracts</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://techcrunch.com/2015/08/14/jeugene-detects-errors-in-legal-documents-saving-time-and-money/?ncid=rss&utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+Techcrunch+%28TechCrunch%29&sr_share=twitter\\\">jEugene</a> reads contracts</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://counselytics.com/\\\">Counselytics</a> reads contracts</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://legalrobot.com/\\\">LegalRobot</a> reads contracts</li>\\n      <li> <a href=\\\"https://www.ravn.co.uk/\\\">RAVN</a> reads contracts</li>\\n      <li> <a href=\\\"http://metajure.com/\\\">MetaJure</a> reads contracts</li>\\n        <li> <a href=\\\"http://rfrnz.com/\\\">rfrnz</a> reads contracts</a>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://litiq.com/\\\">LitIQ drafts contracts</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://www.vizlegal.com/\\\">VizLegal</a> for legal research</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://logikcull.com/\\\">Logikcull</a> does e-discovery</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://everlaw.com/\\\">Everlaw</a> also does e-discovery</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://hlpintegration.com/?doing_wp_cron=1455722411.7378211021423339843750\\\">HLP Integration</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://www.rsvplaw.com/\\\">RSVPlaw</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> See also <a href=\\\"http://www.inc.com/drew-hendricks/the-4-startups-changing-the-legal-landscape.html\\\">Inc.com on 4 Startups changing the Legal Landscape</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://www.ramendocs.com/\\\">RamenDocs</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.allegorylaw.com/#allegory\\\">Allegory Law</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://www.ravellaw.com/\\\">Ravel Law</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://angel.co/haystackhq\\\">Haystack HQ</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://www.cicayda.com/\\\">Cicayda</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.lexbe.com/\\\">Lexbe</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.modria.com/\\\">Modria</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://www.linkedin.com/company/waytosettle\\\">WayToSettle</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://www.linkedin.com/company/zipcourt\\\">ZipCourt</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://juristat.com/\\\">Juristat</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://ipstreet.com/\\\">IPStreet</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://www.goclio.com/\\\">Clio</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.mycase.com/\\\">MyCase</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://www.cosmolex.com/\\\">CosmoLex</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.lawyerfy.com/\\\">Lawyerfy</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.firmzen.com/\\\">Firmzen</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.legify.com/\\\">Legify</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://lawful.ly/\\\">Lawful.ly</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.simplelegal.com/\\\">SimpleLegal</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://www.viewabill.com/pages/home\\\">Viewabill</a></li>\\n      <li> <a href=\\\"https://vulcanpost.com/604420/firstcounsel-legal-support-for-singapore-businesses/\\\">FirstCounsel</a> offers legal support</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.lawhackers.co/\\\">Law Hackers</a> for a curated list of legal startups</li>\\n\\n\\t\\t  </ul>\\n\\n\"\n}\n[/block]\n## Legal Research\n[block:html]\n{\n  \"html\": \"<ul class=\\\"li-inline\\\">\\n\\t\\t    <li> <a href=\\\"http://leiterlawschool.typepad.com/leiter/2015/12/promotional-feature-makeover-for-statutory-supplements-is-long-overdue-michael-simkovic.html#\\\">LawEdge</a></li>\\n\\t\\t    <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.global-regulation.com/search.php?open\\\">Global-Regulation</a></li>\\n\\t\\t    <li> <a href=\\\"https://www.justia.com/\\\">Justia</a></li>\\n\\t\\t    <li> <a href=\\\"https://www.fastcase.com/\\\">FastCase</a></li>\\n\\t\\t    <li> <a href=\\\"https://casetext.com/\\\">CaseText</a></li>\\n\\t\\t    <li> <a href=\\\"https://pushlegal.com/\\\">PushLegal</a></li>\\n\\t\\t    <li> <a href=\\\"https://www.docketalarm.com/\\\">Docket Alarm</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.acadmx.com/\\\">Academx</a> helps lawyers write</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://www.mylegalwhiz.com/\\\">MyLegalWhiz</a>, <a href=\\\"https://www.intelllex.com/users/sign_up\\\">Intelllex</a> and <a href=\\\"http://www.rossintelligence.com/\\\">Ross Intelligence</a> help lawyers do research</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.bluejlegal.com/\\\">Blue J Legal</a> helps lawyers research tax law</li>\\n</ul>\\n\"\n}\n[/block]\n## Github Repository\n[block:html]\n{\n  \"html\": \"<ul class=\\\"li-inline\\\">\\n  <li> <a href=\\\"https://jduclos.com/notes/github-for-lawyers\\\">Github for Law!</a> surfaced <a href=\\\"https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=13446275\\\">on Hacker News</a> and attracted <a href=\\\"https://medium.com/@Legalese/code-is-law-is-code-4492c864f33f\\\">a response on the Legalese blog</a>.</lia>\\n\\t\\t    <li> <a href=\\\"https://ironsides.github.io/\\\">Ironsides</a> open legal operating system for start-up companies</li>\\n\\t\\t    <li> <a href=\\\"https://github.com/commonform/commonform-orrick\\\">Common Form</a> on Orrick's templates</li>\\n\\t\\t    <li> <a href=\\\"https://github.com/seriesnext/seriesnext\\\">Seriesnext</a> a community revision of the Series Seed financing documents</li>\\n\\t\\t  </ul>\\n  \"\n}\n[/block]\n# Academic Research and Development\n[block:html]\n{\n  \"html\": \"<ul class=\\\"li-inline\\\">\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.cocounsel.co/\\\">CO/COUNSEL</a></li>\\n\\t\\t        <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.plainsite.org/\\\">PlainSite</a></li>\\n\\t\\t        <li> <a href=\\\"http://complaw.stanford.edu/\\\">Stanford Computational Law</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://codex.stanford.edu/projects/\\\">Stanford's Codex Center for Legal Informatics</a> produces <a href=\\\"http://www.legalproductivity.com/technology/codex-legal-tech-startups/\\\">a crop of startups every year</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.effacts.com/blog/the-stanford-computable-contracts-initiative\\\">Stanford's Computable Contracts Initiative</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://legalinformatics.wordpress.com/legal-informatics-research-network-google-group/\\\">Legal Informatics Research Network</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.commonaccord.org/\\\">CommonAccord</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://lexpert.com/en/documents/Haapio-Next_Generation_Contracts.pdf\\\">Next Generation Contracts</a> by Helena Haapio</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://szabo.best.vwh.net/contractlanguage.html\\\">Nick Szabo on formal languages</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://lawreview.law.ucdavis.edu/issues/46/2/Articles/46-2_Surden.pdf\\\">Surden on Computable Contracts</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2538224\\\">Floyd &amp; Goodenough, Contracts as Automata</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://twitter.com/richardsusskind\\\">Richard Susskind</a>, author of <a href=\\\"http://www.amazon.com/Tomorrows-Lawyers-Introduction-Your-Future/dp/019966806X/\\\">Tomorrow's Lawyers</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://twitter.com/StanfordLaw/lists/abafutures\\\">ABA Futures</a> and <a href=\\\"http://www.abajournal.com/legalrebels/article/welcome_to_the_future_a_travel_guide_to_tomorrows_lawyer_careers?utm_source=internal&utm_medium=navigation&utm_campaign=navbar\\\">ABA Journal</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://radicalconcepts.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/Legal-Technology-Informatics_-Course-Reader.1.15.15.pdf\\\">Ron Dolin's Legal Technology and Informatics Course Reader</a>\\n\\t\\t  </ul>\"\n}\n[/block]\n## Computational Legal Studies\nBorrowing from social science, these apply computational data-science techniques to the legal world.\n[block:html]\n{\n  \"html\": \"<ul class=\\\"li-inline\\\">\\n  <li><a href=\\\"http://www.thelawlab.com/\\\">The Law Lab</a> at Illinois Tech</li>\\n  <li><a href=\\\"https://www.santafe.edu/news-center/news/lawos-regulations-societys-operating-system\\\">LawOS</a> at Santa Fe Institute</li>\\n\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://law.mit.edu/\\\">law.mit.edu</a> takes a social-science approach to examining law: see <a href=\\\"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G2_1I9aUwgs\\\">Dazza's video</a>.</li>\\n  \\n</ul>\"\n}\n[/block]\n## Contract Formalization and Natural Language Generation\n[block:html]\n{\n  \"html\": \"\\t\\t  <ul class=\\\"li-inline\\\">\\n        <li> The need for multilingual contracts can be seen in Indonesia, where <a href=\\\"http://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=6d2d5a97-5556-49d6-b76c-cf6e8e63d62d\\\">a court has ruled</a> that contracts must be in both Bahasa and another language</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/barclays-smart-contract-templates-heralds-first-ever-public-demo-r3s-corda-platform-1555329\\\">CLACK at UCL</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://medium.com/@ConsenSys/what-if-we-developed-legal-contracts-like-we-developed-software-applications-1b5bc8fbb915#.uoiiqx9ku\\\">Joe Dewey's essay</a> on <a href=\\\"http://contractcode.meteor.com/\\\">ContractCode</a>, April 6, 2016</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://commonform.github.io/\\\">CommonForm</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://medium.com/@PaxDirectory/codex-a-legal-scripting-language-e3723cc76662#.neyprdp7o\\\">Codex</a> by Pax is a scripting language for Ethereum; <a href=\\\"http://bitlegal.io/2016/03/03/codex-a-new-smart-contracts-language/\\\">in concert with Pax Directory</a></li>\\n        <li> <a href=\\\"https://tezos.com/pages/tech.html\\\">Michelson, by Tezos</a>, is a scripting language for smart contracts</li>\\n        <li> <a href=\\\"https://claryon.github.io/lexon/\\\">Lexon, by Lexys</a>, is a scripting language for smart contracts</li>\\n        <li> <a href=\\\"https://medium.com/@chriseth/babbage-a-mechanical-smart-contract-language-5c8329ec5a0e\\\">Babbage</a> smart contract language for Ethereum</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.restatement.org/\\\">Restatement</a> by Jason Boehmig, Tim Hwang, and Paul Sawaya. (<a href=\\\"https://blog.law.cornell.edu/voxpop/2014/06/03/rough-consensus-running-standards-the-restatement-project/\\\">intro essay</a>; see also <a href=\\\"https://github.com/legalese-io/legalese-io.github.io/blob/master/doc/modeling.org#background-reading\\\">Modeling - Background Reading</a>)</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.commonaccord.org/\\\">CommonAccord</a> has some <a href=\\\"https://docs.google.com/document/d/1jm9t61JnqLqsV50cD9Mzwyu8cXWRmVFaI2XK-UaFggk/pub\\\">early thinking</a> online.</li>\\n  \\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://github.com/mpoulshock/HammurabiProject\\\">Hammurabi Project</a> hosts its DSL in Wolfram Language (Mathematica). An <a href=\\\"https://github.com/mpoulshock/hammurabi\\\">earlier version</a> developed a DSL called Akkadian.</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> You've heard of <a href=\\\"https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/XBRL\\\">XBRL</a>, now the SEC wants <a href=\\\"http://lambda-the-ultimate.org/node/3922\\\">Python</a>.</li>\\n        <li> In the 1980s, the <a href=\\\"http://opim.wharton.upenn.edu/~sok/papers/s/p370-sergot.pdf\\\">British Nationality Act was encoded in Prolog</a>.</li>\\n\\t\\t  </ul>\"\n}\n[/block]\n## Smart Contract Implementations and Papers\n[block:html]\n{\n  \"html\": \"\\t\\t  <ul class=\\\"li-inline\\\">\\n      <li> <a href=\\\"http://ethernote.herokuapp.com\\\">Ethernote</a> appears to be a proof-of-concept implementing a promissory note as a smart contract</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://counterparty.io/\\\">Counterparty</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://smartcontract.com/\\\">SmartContract</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.otonomos.com/\\\">Otonomos</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://democracy.earth/\\\">Democracy Earth</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"https://eprint.iacr.org/2015/460.pdf\\\">Step by Step Towards Creating a Safe Smart Contract: Lessons and Insights from a Cryptocurrency Lab</a> by Delmolino, Arnett, Kosba, Miller, &amp; Shi</li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.diku.dk/hjemmesider/ansatte/hvitved/publications/hvitved10flacosb.pdf\\\">A Survey of Formal Languages for Contracts</a> from FLACOS 2010</li>        \\n  <li><a href=\\\"https://digitalasset.com/press/introducing-daml.html\\\">Digital Assest Modelling Language</a></li>\\n  <li><a href=\\\"http://www.coindesk.com/chain-ivy-blockchain-smart-contract-language/\\\">Ivy Smart Contract Language</a></li>\\n  <li><a href=\\\"http://blockchain.cs.ucl.ac.uk/\\\">UCL's blockchain group</a></li>\\n  <li><a href=\\\"http://www.initc3.org/\\\">Initative for Cryptocurrencies and Contracts</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.diku.dk/~simonsen/papers/c2.pdf\\\">Compositional Specification of Commercial Contracts</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/um/people/simonpj/Papers/financial-contracts/contracts-icfp.pdf\\\">Composing contracts: an adventure in financial engineering</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://www.diku.dk/~paba/pubs/files/bahr15icfp-paper.pdf\\\">Certified Symbolic Management of Financial Multi-party Contracts</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t<li> <a href=\\\"http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.36.4777&rep=rep1&type=pdf\\\">The Representation of Legal Contracts</a> by Aspassia Daskalopulu and Marek Sergot, 1997</li>\\n        <li><a href=\\\"http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/um/people/nswamy/papers/solidether.pdf\\\">Formal Verification of Smart Contracts</a></li>\\n        <li><a href=\\\"https://attores.com/\\\">Attores</a> will build your smart contracts</li>\\n        <li><a href=\\\"http://susa.io/\\\">Susa</a> will build your smart contracts</li>\\n        <li><a href=\\\"http://www.adjoint.io/\\\">Adjoint</a> will build and formally verify your smart contracts</li>\\n        <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.clause.io/\\\">Clause</a> will build a Ricardian smart contract</li>\\n        <li><a href=\\\"https://ethcore.io/\\\">EthCore</a> will build and browse your smart contracts</li>\\n \\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.mintchalk.com/\\\">Mintchalk</a> is a web IDE for smart contracts</li>\\n        <li> <a href=\\\"https://github.com/OpenZeppelin/zeppelin-solidity\\\">OpenZeppelin</a> is an opensource library for smart contracts</li>\\n        <li><a href=\\\"http://fc17.ifca.ai/wtsc/Trust%20in%20Smart%20Contracts%20is%20a%20Process,%20As%20Well.pdf\\\">Trust in Smart Contracts is a Process, As Well</a></li>\\n        <li>Kadena's haskell-based turing-incomplete <a href=\\\"http://kadena.io/\\\">PACT</a> language </li>\\n\\t\\t  </ul>\\n\"\n}\n[/block]\n## Smart Statutes, Digital Legislation\n[block:html]\n{\n  \"html\": \"<ul class=\\\"li-inline\\\">\\n  <li> <a href=\\\"http://internetofagreements.com/\\\">Internet of Agreements</a> by Vinay Gupta explains demand from blockchain</li>\\n<li> <a href=\\\"https://digital-legislation.net/\\\">Digital Legislation</a> from Data61 attempts to answer the call</li>\\n  <li><a href=\\\"http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-1620/paper7.pdf\\\">Making Sense of Regulations with SBVR</a></li>\\n  <li><a href=\\\"https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-319-42019-6_17\\\">SBVR to OWL 2 Mapping in the Domain of Legal Rules</a> </li>\\n  <li><a href=\\\"https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-662-45960-7_14\\\">On the Road to Regulatory Ontologies: Interpreting Regulations with SBVR</a></li>\\n</ul>\"\n}\n[/block]\n## Electronic Signatures and Contract Management\n[Adobe EchoSign](http://echosign.adobe.com) is the well-respected granddaddy, modulo [some grumpiness](https://medium.com/@mengwong/why-after-a-year-with-adobe-echosign-i-m-taking-my-business-elsewhere-835cbd23d4a6).  Competitors include:\n[block:html]\n{\n  \"html\": \"<ul class=\\\"li-inline\\\">\\n<li><a href=\\\"https://www.docusign.com/\\\">DocuSign</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://www.hellosign.com/\\\">HelloSign</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://getsigneasy.com/\\\">SignEasy</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://scrive.com/\\\">Scrive</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://digisigner.com/\\\">DigiSigner</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://rightsignature.com/\\\">RightSignature</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"https://www.silanis.com/\\\">e-SignLive by Silanis</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.elock.com/solutions.html\\\">E-Lock</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> and <a href=\\\"http://digital-signature.softwareinsider.com/\\\">dozens more (see the full list)</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t</ul>\\n\"\n}\n[/block]\n## Contract Lifecycle Management\n[block:html]\n{\n  \"html\": \"<ul class=\\\"li-inline\\\">\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.contractlogix.com/\\\">Contract Logix</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.concordnow.com/\\\">Concord Now</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.exari.com/\\\">Exari</a></li>\\n\\t\\t\\t  <li> <a href=\\\"http://www.icertis.com/solution/\\\">Icertis</a></li>\\n      <li> <a href=\\\"http://precisely.se/\\\">Precisely</a> is doing contract management software with pleasant UX</li>        \\n\\t\\t\\t</ul>\"\n}\n[/block]\n## Lawyers and Law Firms who get it\n[block:html]\n{\n  \"html\": \"<ul class=\\\"li-inline\\\">\\n     <li> <a href=\\\"http://opencounsel.net/services.php\\\">OpenCounsel</a> headed by <a href=\\\"http://aliquidnovi.org/about-2/\\\">Andrew Rens</a></li>\\n    <li> <a href=\\\"https://twitter.com/TheNakedLawyer\\\">Chrissie Lightfoot on Twitter</a></li>\\n    <li> <a href=\\\"https://github.com/KingandWoodMallesonsAU/Project-DnA\\\">KWM's Project DnA on Github</a>\\n  </ul>\"\n}\n[/block]\n## Other Interesting Things\n[block:html]\n{\n  \"html\": \"<div class=\\\"li-inline\\\"><ul>\\n  <li><a href=\\\"http://www.lawsitesblog.com/legal-tech-startups\\\">Ambrogi's Legal Tech Startups list</a></li>\\n  <li><a href=\\\"http://tech.law.stanford.edu/\\\">tech.law.stanford.edu</a></li>\\n  <li><a href=\\\"http://lawyersongithub.com/\\\">Lawyers On Github</a></li>\\n  <li><a href=\\\"https://angel.co/legal\\\">AngelList shows over a thousand startups in the legal category</a>, but many of these are what we call \\\"law firms with websites\\\", not actual LegalTech startups</li>\\n  <li><a href=\\\"https://artificiallawyer.com)\\\">Artificial Lawyer</a> is a blog covering the computational legal field</li>\\n</ul></div>\"\n}\n[/block]\n\n## Artificial Intelligence and Natural Language Processing\n\nReliable natural language processing is a *vastly harder* problem than domain-specific-languages, compilers, and natural language generation, but we wish them the best.  Should they be successful, drafting contracts which meet their AI's approval will be straight-forward because we can run the contracts through the AI ourselves.\n[block:html]\n{\n  \"html\": \"<ul class=\\\"li-inline\\\">\\n<li><a href=\\\"http://www.legalcheek.com/2016/09/freshfields-joins-clifford-chance-and-dla-piper-in-embracing-artificial-intelligence-software-kira/\\\">Kira</a> is used by a surprising number of law firms.</li>\\n<li> <a href=\\\"https://hirepeter.com/\\\">Peter</a> does for legal what <a href=\\\"http://claralabs.com/\\\">Clara</a> does for appointments</li>  \\n  <li><a href=\\\"http://www.riverviewlaw.com/\\\">Riverview Law</a> is also developing an artificial assistant.</li>\\n  <li><a href=\\\"https://thoughtriver.com\\\">ThoughtRiver</a> does NLP to read contracts and reason about them</li>\\n  <li><a href=\\\"http://www.recommind.com/perceptiv-product-page/\\\">Perceptiv</a> also does NLP to read and extract data from finance contracts</li>\\n</ul>\"\n}\n[/block]\n## Unauthorized Practice of Law\nWait, aren't a lot of these startups [breaking the law](href=\"http://www.abajournal.com/magazine/article/latest_legal_victory_has_legalzoom_poised_for_growth)? Well, maybe the law is broken.\n\n\n* [Robot, Robot &amp; Hwang](http://www.robotandhwang.com/)\n* [ABA Commission on the Future of Legal Services](http://www.americanbar.org/content/dam/aba/images/office_president/final_unregulated_lsp_entities_issues_paper.pdf), [final report](http://abafuturesreport.com/#1), comments from [CodeX](https://law.stanford.edu/2016/08/10/abas-dismal-report-future-of-legal-services/)\n* [When Public Policies Collide: Self-Help Software and UPL](https://www.questia.com/library/journal/1G1-75707100/when-public-policies-collide-legal-self-help-software)\n* [Technology and the Unauthorized Practice of Law](http://www.lawtechnologytoday.org/2015/06/technology-and-the-unauthorized-practice-of-law/)\n* [Latest legal victory has LegalZoom poised for growth](http://www.abajournal.com/magazine/article/latest_legal_victory_has_legalzoom_poised_for_growth)\n* [Law firms fight to protect their turf from accountants](http://www.livemint.com/Companies/XqsAI5vIItPbA59gQ8H6KP/Law-firms-fight-to-protect-their-turf-against-accountants.html)\n\n# Wait, then how is Legalese different or better than all these resources?\n\nMost of the resources above are _document-oriented_. Each template, for instance, gets you a single agreement for a set of parties to execute. Typically, you fill in the blanks in a Word doc, or in a web app wizard. The result is flattened onto the page. This is fine for simple agreements, like an NDA.\n\nBut some deals involve multiple documents, all of which have to agree with one another. Think about an investment deal which needs a Term Sheet, a Subscription Agreement, a Shareholders Agreement, and a Deed of Ratification and Accession, not to mention all the corp-sec Directors' and Members' Resolutions needed to validate each corporate act. The same names and terms appear in multiple documents. (A deal begins to look like something you can – and should – configure and compile using m4 and make!)\n\nSo, the world needs _workflow-oriented_ solutions.\n\n* [Clerky](https://clerky.com) is workflow-oriented. It has the notion of Document Sets. But Clerky doesn't support a lot of workflows. They support incorporation but not investment. (At time of writing, 20150504) And the templates are closed, so you can't add your own.\n* [Valcu](http://valcu.co/) is worth a look too.\n* [Docracy](http://www.docracy.com/) is more open. Their vision is to be Github for legal documents. Their web editing UI is pretty nifty, and you can fork any document. But they're document-, not workflow-oriented. And you have to be a lawyer to add a new document.\n\nLegalese is both workflow-oriented and open. Each workflow in Legalese produces one or more agreements for the parties to execute. Instead of editing the document directly, you describe the particulars of the parties and the terms of the deal in a separate spreadsheet. Legalese compiles your workflow's docset by combining the spreadsheet with the templates. To rebuild your docs, just hit `make`.\n\nFor Unix hackers, this is pseudocode for what happens behind the scenes of the Web UI:\n\n`$ make model seedround send`\n\n```\nloading negotiated term sheet from Google Sheets...\nloading cap table from Google Sheets...\nloading party particulars from Google Sheets...\ndownloading latest legal rule engine for relevant jurisdiction...\nfetching missing information via regulatory APIs...\nfetching latest version of agreement templates from Github...\ncomputing amendments required for constitutional documents...\nparsing articles-of-association.pdf\ncomputing corporate actions and resolutions required...\nparsing history of corporate actions... 16 PDFs found...\nanalysis complete. constructing company model... done.\ncomputing dependency graph for seed round financing... staging... producing PDFs...\n\nstage 1 PDF: Term Sheet for Seed Round\nstage 1 PDF: New Articles of Association describing Vesting/ESOP and Series AA shares\nstage 1 PDF: Directors' Resolutions Announcing Fundraising and Alterations to Articles\nstage 1 PDF: Members' Resolutions Approving Alterations to Articles of Association\nstage 1 PDF: Volunteer Agreements -- IP Assignment, Confidentiality, Noncompete\nstage 1 PDF: Shareholder Agreements -- Drags/Tags, Preemptive & Information Rights\nstage 1 PDF: Description of Vesting Scheme and ESOP\nstage 1 PDF: Directors' Resolutions Announcing Vesting Scheme and ESOP\nstage 1 PDF: Members' Resolutions Approving Vesting Scheme and ESOP\nstage 1 PDF: Directors' Resolutions Announcing Issue of New Shares for Vesting/ESOP\nstage 1 PDF: Members' Resolutions Approving Issue of New Shares for Vesting/ESOP\nstage 1 PDF: Directors Notify Shareholders of Pro Rata Rights for Vesting/ESOP\nstage 1 PDF: Shareholders Waive Pro Rata Rights for Vesting/ESOP\nstage 1 PDF: Directors' Resolutions to Issue and Allot New Vesting/ESOP Shares\nstage 1 PDF: Instruction to Corporate Secretary to File Vesting/ESOP Shares\n\nstage 2 PDF: Checklist Bundle for Conditions Precedent\nstage 2 PDF: Cap Table, before Series AA\nstage 2 PDF: Cap Table, after Series AA\nstage 2 PDF: Investment Agreement for Seed Round Series AA\nstage 2 PDF: Deed of Ratification and Accession for Seed Round Series AA\n\nstage 3 PDF: Directors' Resolutions to Issue and Allot New Series AA Shares\nstage 3 PDF: Instruction to Corporate Secretary to File Series AA Shares\nstage 3 PDF: Series AA Share Certificates\nsending Stage 1 PDFs for signature via Adobe EchoSign...\n\nseed round Stage 1 paperwork sent. Please check your email.\nwill poll Stage 1 paperwork status once an hour.\nwill send Stage 2 PDFs when all Stage 1 PDFs are received.\nwill send Stage 3 PDFs when all Stage 2 PDFs are received and funds arrive.\n```\n\nLegalese takes openness to a new level: the templates sit in public Github repositories (right now, the templates are in XML, which admittedly might scare off some people.) And the configuration spreadsheets live in Google Spreadsheets. So you can import and export your data as you see fit.\n\nLegalese has global ambitions. Most of the above services focus on one, at most two jurisdictions. Legalese serves people who live outside the U.S. too.\n\nLegalese is Web 2.0 the way YouTube, Wikipedia, and Github are Web 2.0. Convincing or paying lawyers to upload their precious precedents doesn't scale. We're betting on user-generated content. Maybe only one in a hundred users will upload their lawyer-drafted documents into Legalese; with enough users, that should be enough. Maybe we'll even have Kickstarter for desired contracts!","slug":"present","title":"The LegalTech Industry Today"}

The LegalTech Industry Today


There's a lot going in in the LegalTech industry, [says TechCrunch.](http://techcrunch.com/2014/12/06/legal-tech-startups-have-a-short-history-and-a-bright-future) # Overview ## Contemporary Commentary [block:html] { "html": "<ul class=\"li-inline\">\n\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.cnbc.com/2017/02/17/lawyers-could-be-replaced-by-artificial-intelligence.html\">Lawyers could be the next profession to be automated</a></li>\n\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.wired.co.uk/article/contracts-hackers-lawyers\">The blockchain came after bankers and now it's going after lawyers</a></li>\n\t<li> <a href=\"http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2701092&rec=1&srcabs=2690435&alg=1&pos=2\">Can Robots Be Lawyers? Computers, Lawyers, and the Practice of Law</li>\n\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.forbes.com/sites/walshpadraig/2016/09/20/how-technology-is-changing-law-in-asia/#54987c004537\">Forbes: How Technology is changing law</li>\n\t<li> <a href=\"https://www.amazon.com/Tomorrows-Lawyers-Introduction-Your-Future/dp/019966806X\">Tomorrow's Lawyers</li>\n\t<li> <a href=\"http://techcrunch.com/2014/08/05/the-jury-is-out-on-legal-startups/\">The Jury Is Out On Legal Startups</a></li>\n\t<li>Number of Legal Startups <a href=\"http://www.lawsitesblog.com/2016/04/number-legal-startups-nearly-triples-two-years.html\">Nearly Triples in Two Years</a> which attracts rebuttal <a href=\"http://associatesmind.com/2016/04/20/not-explosion-legaltech/\">There is NOT An Explosion In LegalTech</a> </li>\n </ul>\n" } [/block] ## Popular lists [block:html] { "html": "<ul class=\"li-inline\">\n\t<li> <a href=\"https://www.cbinsights.com/blog/legal-tech-market-map-company-list/\">CB Insights, Legal Tech Market Map: 50 Startups Disrupting The Legal Industry, July 13 2016</a></li>\n\t<li> Legal Execute Institute published a <a href=\"http://legalexecutiveinstitute.com/legal-tech-startups/\">taxonomy of recent legaltech startups</a> which is a kind of legal tech landscape</li>\n <li> <a href=\"https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/new-spectrum-legal-services-patrick-dransfield?trk=hp-feed-article-title-like\">The New Spectrum of Legal Services</a></li>\n\t<li> <a href=\"https://techindex.law.stanford.edu/\">Smart Contracts: 12 Use Cases for Business & Beyond</a> by Deloitte's Smart Contract Alliance</li>\n </ul>\n" } [/block] ## From the Investor Perspective [block:html] { "html": "<ul class=\"li-inline\">\n\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/c3a9347e-fdb4-11e5-b5f5-070dca6d0a0d.html#axzz45iKAu8vS\"><i>Breaking The Law</i> -- Financial Times, Michael Skapinker, April 11, 2016.</a></li>\n\t<li> <a href=\"https://medium.com/@ConsenSys/what-if-we-developed-legal-contracts-like-we-developed-software-applications-1b5bc8fbb915#.uoiiqx9ku\">What if we developed legal contracts like we developed software applications?</a> -- Guest post by Joe Dewey, April 6, 2016</li>\n\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.lawtechnologytoday.org/2014/12/smart-startups/\">Bessemer reviews their LegalTech portfolio</a> December 16, 2014</li>\n\t<li> <a href=\"http://tech.co/legal-industry-startup-invasion-2013-03\">6 Reasons the Legal Industry is Ripe for Startup Invasion</a> March, 2013</li>\n\t<li> <a href=\"https://peermonitor.thomsonreuters.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/2016_PM_GT_Final-Report.pdf\">2016 Report on the State of the Legal Market</a> shows the legal industry in the crosshairs</li>\n\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.coindesk.com/barclays-smart-contracts-templates-demo-r3-corda/\">Coindesk describes Barclay's work with Corda</a> and links to some slides about <a href=\"https://www.scribd.com/doc/310534422/Smart-Contract-Templates-1\">Smart Contract Templates</a></li>\n\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.uclalawreview.org/four-futures-legal-automation/\">Four Futures of Legal Automation</a>, UCLA Law Revie.</li>\n </ul>\n" } [/block] # Law Online ## Early Stage Investment Templates for Startups Legalese is importing all of these agreements. After you configure your deal in a spreadsheet *once*, Legalese will compile *all* the agreements you need, automatically translated for your jurisdiction. [block:html] { "html": "\t\t <ul class=\"li-inline\">\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.ycombinator.com/documents/\">Y Combinator</a> has both Series AA and SAFE instruments in four flavours</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.techstars.com/docs/\">Techstars</a> has both equity and debt instruments</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.500.co/kiss\">500 Startups</a> offers the KISS</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.seriesseed.com/\">Series Seed</a> (also for <a href=\"http://www.seriesseed.fi/\">Finland</a> and <a href=\"http://seriesseed.in/\">India</a>)</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://seedsummit.org/legal-docs/\">SeedSummit for Europe, by SeedCamp</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://shockwaveinnovations.com/2013/12/21/reviewing-the-new-safe-investment-instrument/\">Comparative reviews</a>.</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.contractual.ly/\">Contractual.ly</a></li>\n\t\t </ul>\n" } [/block] ## Workflow Solutions for Startups [block:html] { "html": "\t\t\t<ul class=\"li-inline\">\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://stripe.com/atlas\">Stripe Atlas</a> (Delaware)</li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://www.flashfunders.com/\">FlashFunders</a> is an equity crowdfunding platform with a ton of augmentations, <a href=\"http://techcrunch.com/2015/05/11/equity-crowdfunding-platform-flashfunders-is-automating-securities-law-for-seed-stage-rounds/#.umyjoj:J2Lt\">according to Techcrunch</a>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://www.ironcladapp.com/\">Ironclad</a> automates a range of startup-friendly legal templates, with Dropbox and HelloSign integration (for values of \"startup\" that mean \"Delaware corporations operating in California\")</li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://valcu.co/\">Valcu</a> offers document automation and some scripting</li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://hellobonsai.com/\">Bonsai</a> helps freelancers get paid</li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://captable.io/\">Captable.io</a> </li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://www.esharesinc.com/\">eShares</a> </li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://termsheet.io/\">Termsheet.io</a> (India &amp; US) does incorporations and fundings</li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://www.clerky.com/\">Clerky</a> (Delaware) does incorporations and fundings</li>\n <li> <a href=\"https://www.legistify.com/\">Legistify</a> does incorporations and fundings</li>\n <li> <a href=\"https://get-paper.com/\">Paper</a> does incorporations and fundings</li>\n <li> <a href=\"http://startuplawyer.com/\">StartupLawyer</a> does incorporations and fundings</li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://www.startupdocuments.com/\">StartupDocuments</a> is affiliated with <a href=\"http://bedrocksf.com/\">Bedrock</a>; does incorporations and fundings</li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://dragonlaw.com.hk/\">DragonLaw</a> (Hong Kong and Singapore) has lots of templates</li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://patentory.com/\">Patentory</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.concordnow.com/\">Concord</a> is end-to-end contract signature management</li>\n <li> <a href=\"https://techcrunch.com/2017/04/05/seedlegals-automation-aims-to-replace-lawyers-in-startup-funding-rounds/\">SeedLegals</a> does it in the UK</li>\n\t\t\t</ul>" } [/block] ## Workflow Apps for Specific Verticals [block:html] { "html": "<ul class=\"li-inline\">\n <li> <a href=\"http://www.cp-desk.com/\">CP Desk</a> is a good example of a vertical-specific legal application &ndash; in this case for shipping.</li>\n <li><a href=\"http://www.thedocyard.co/\">The Doc Yard</a> is a polished app for lawyers to address the paint point of deal negotiation and closing.</li>\n <li><a href=\"legalspace.world/service/visa\">Legal Space</a> is a digital immigration and visa solution for relocating to the USA.</li>\n <li><a href=\"https://www.iubenda.com/\">Iubenda</a> generates T&Cs for privacy policies and cookies</li>\n <li><a href=\"https://www.wevorce.com/\">Wevorce</a></li>\n <li><a href=\"https://parleypro.com/\">ParleyPro</a></li>\n <li><a href=\"https://greenlines.com/\">GreenLines</a></li>\n <li><a href=\"http://www.brightleaf.com/\">BrightLeaf</a></li>\n <li><a href=\"http://www.trademarkia.com/\">Trademarkia</a></li>\n</ul>" } [/block] ## Template Libraries for Startups [block:html] { "html": "<ul class=\"li-inline\">\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://www.documents-taylorwessing.com/\">Taylor Wessing's Documents</a> (UK)</li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.bvca.co.uk/ResearchPublications/Publications/StandardIndustryDocuments/Modeldocumentsforearlystageinvestments.aspx\">BVCA</a> (UK)</li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://www.orrick.com/practices/corporate/emergingCompanies/startup/forms_index.asp\">Orrick's Start-Up Forms Library</a>\n\t\t\t\tand <a href=\"https://tsc.orrick.com/\">term sheets</a> </li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://legal.cf.sg/\">Legal.CF.SG</a> </li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.lawcanvas.com/\">LawCanvas &ndash; Easy Legal Documents for Singapore</a> </li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://simmondsstewart.com/templates/\">Simmonds Stewart</a> for New Zealand and <a href=\"https://simmondsstewart.com/guides/raising-seed-capital-in-southeast-asia/\">Singapore</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.forbes.com/sites/chancebarnett/2014/05/30/the-entrepreneurs-guide-to-term-sheets-and-equity-crowdfunding/\">The\n\t\t\t\t Entrepreneur's Guide to Term Sheets and Equity Crowdfunding</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.legalzebra.com.au/legal-forms/shareholders-agreement-template/\">LegalZebra</a> (for Australia)</li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.avcal.com.au/resources/open-source-seed-financing-documents\">AVCAL</a> (for Australia)</li>\n\t\t\t</ul>\n" } [/block] ## Generic Template Libraries and Legal Marketplaces [block:html] { "html": "\t\t\t<ul class=\"li-inline\">\n <li> <a href=\"https://www.legistify.com/\">Legistify</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://legalzoom.com/\">LegalZoom</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://nolo.com/\">Nolo</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.rocketlawyer.com/\">RocketLawyer</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.avvo.com/\">Avvo</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://123.ai/\">123.AI</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://www.asialawnetwork.com/\">Asia Law Network</a> (for Singapore) </li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://www.lawdingo.com/\">LawDingo</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://www.upcounsel.com/\">UpCounsel</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.firstcounsel.co/\">FirstCounsel</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://www.bodhala.com/\">Bodhala</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://www.priorilegal.com/\">Priori Legal</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://lawtrades.com/\">Lawtrades</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://www.lexoo.co.uk/\">Lexoo</a>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://lawkick.com/\">LawKick</a>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.docracy.com/\">Docracy</a> </li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://onecle.com/\">Onecle</a> </li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://www.ilrg.com/forms\">ILRG Legal Forms Archive</a>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.lawdepot.com/\">LawDepot</a> </li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://techcrunch.com/2015/09/03/goodbye-docstoc/\">DocStoc died</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.lawcanvas.com/\">LawCanvas</a> (for Singapore) </li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://foundersuite.com/\">FounderSuite</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://www.fairdocument.com/how-it-works/index.html\">Fair Document</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.ndasforfree.com/\">NDAs for Free</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://www.lawgives.com/\">LawGives</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://angel.co/wirelawyer\">WireLawyer</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.lawpolis.com/\">Lawpolis</a></li>\n <li> <a href=\"http://www.biztree.com/\">Business-in-a-Box</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.adamsdrafting.com/downloads/Copyright-NYLJ-8.23.06.pdf\">Adams, Kenneth. Copyright and the Contract Drafter. New York Law Journal, 2006</a> asks: are contracts copyrightable?</li>\n\t\t\t</ul>\n" } [/block] ## Education for Startups [block:html] { "html": "\t\t <ul class=\"li-inline\">\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://quibb.com/links/how-startups-burn-money-on-lawyers/view\">How Startups Burn Money on Lawyers</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.quora.com/When-founding-a-startup-is-it-worth-immediately-investing-in-a-lawyer-or-can-you-get-by-with-pre-made-documents-from-the-likes-of-LawBite-and-similar-for-the-first-few-months\">When founding a startup is it worth immediately investing in a lawyer, or can you get by with pre-made documents?</a> on Quora.</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://heidiroizen.tumblr.com/post/118473647305/how-to-build-a-unicorn-from-scratch-and-walk\">Walkthrough</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.docracy.com/topic/5snzara7ks/term-sheet-guide-book?startPdfDownload=false\">Docracy's guide to Term Sheets</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.feld.com/archives/2005/08/term-sheet-series-wrap-up.html\">Brad Feld's Term Sheet Blog Series</a>, now available as a book,\n\t\t\t <i><a href=\"http://www.amazon.com/Venture-Deals-Smarter-Lawyer-Capitalist-ebook/dp/B00AO2PWOI/\">Venture Deals</a></i></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.amazon.com/Deal-Terms-Venture-Structures-Valuations/dp/1587622084/\">Deal Terms, by Wilmerding</a> </li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.marsdd.com/mars-library/angel-or-seed-investing-angel-term-sheets-for-startups/\">Angel or seed investing: Angel term sheets for startups</a>, from the MaRS Library</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.paulgraham.com/hiresfund.html\">Paul Graham on High Resolution Fundraising</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.bothsidesofthetable.com/2012/09/05/the-truth-about-convertible-debt-at-startups-and-the-hidden-terms-you-didnt-understand/\">The Truth About Convertible Debt at Startups and The Hidden Terms You Didn’t Understand</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.bothsidesofthetable.com/2014/09/17/bad-notes-on-venture-capital/\">Mark Suster's Bad Notes on Venture Capital</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.startupcompanylawyer.com/\">StartupCompanyLawyer</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.liveplan.com/\">LivePlan</a> helps you with forecasts</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"https://www.wrike.com/blog/ultimate-list-legal-resources-startups/\">The Ultimate List of Legal Resources for Startups</a></li>\n\t\t </ul>" } [/block] ## Cap Tables [block:html] { "html": "<ul class=\"li-inline\">\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.quora.com/What-is-the-best-cap-table-template-available-online\">See also Quora</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://venturehacks.com/articles/cap-table\">VentureHacks</a> </li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.askthevc.com/wp/archives/tag/cap-table\">AskTheVC</a> </li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://captable.io/\">Captable.io</a> </li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://reportally.com/\">Reportally.com</a> </li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://www.capshare.com/\">Capshare.com</a> </li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://www.nasdaqprivatemarket.com/exactequity/?from=ee\">ExactEquity</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://esharesinc.zendesk.com/hc/en-us/articles/203979799-Pro-Forma-Round-Modeling-Spreadsheet\">eShares round modeling</a> which is gaining <a href=\"https://techcrunch.com/2015/08/18/eshares-now-valued-at-77-million-looks-far-beyond-silicon-valley-2/\">impressive marketshare</a></li>\n\t\t\t</ul>" } [/block] ## Other Tools for Startups and Investors [block:html] { "html": "\t\t <ul class=\"li-inline\">\n <li> <a href=\"https://incorporations.io/\">Incorporations.io</a> finds the best jurisdiction in which to incorporate your particular startup</li>\n <li> <a href=\"http://www.valuative.com/\">Valuative</a> capital structure modeling and visualization</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.handshakes.com.sg/\">Handshakes</a> maps out all relationships between companies and persons</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"https://vcexperts.com/\">VCExperts</a> offers due diligence and other tools</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.justinvesting.com/home/products/\">JustInvesting</a> moves investing online</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.docdep.com/\">DocDep</a> takes you from investment to divestment</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://visible.vc/\">Visible.VC</a> offers a <a href=\"https://visible.vc/blog/tech-investing-software-stack/\">Tech Investing Software Stack</a></li>\n <li> <a href=\"http://www.venture360.com/\">Venture360</a> is a complete deal management platform for seed funds</li>\n\t\t </ul>\n" } [/block] ## Document Generators by Law Firms [block:html] { "html": "\t\t\t<ul class=\"li-inline\">\n <li><a href=\"http://www.radiantlaw.com/how-we-work/document-automation/\">RadiantLaw</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.cooleygo.com/documents/index-document-generators\">CooleyGo</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://www.wsgr.com/WSGR/Display.aspx?SectionName=practice/termsheet.htm\">Wilson Sonsini's Termsheet Generator</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://launch.wilmerhale.com/build/document-generator/\">Wilmerhale</a> </li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.foundersworkbench.com/document-driver/\">Founders Workbench</a> </li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://tsc.orrick.com/\">Orrick's Term Sheet Creator</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://ebrevia.com/\">eBrevia</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://kirasystems.com/\">DiligenceEngine</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://venturedocs.com/\">VentureDocs</a></li>\n\t\t\t \n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.vanillalaw.com.sg/\">Vanilla Law</a> by MG/Chambers <a href=\"http://www.straitstimes.com/business/companies-markets/software-designed-to-help-smes-with-legal-documents\">(news article)</a></li>\n <li><a href=\"https://www.ft.com/content/5d96dd72-83eb-11e6-8897-2359a58ac7a5?1475749023115=1\">TermFrame from Pinsent Masons</a> seems to be a wizard expediate lawyers choosing the ideal templates.</li>\n<li>Allen & Overy and Deloiite make <a href=\"http://www.allenovery.com/news/en-gb/articles/Pages/AllenOvery-and-Deloitte-tackle-OTC-derivatives-market-challenge.aspx\">MarginMatrix</a> which codifies the law in various jurisdictions and automates drafting of certain kinds of multi-jurisdictional documents.</li>\n\t\t\t</ul>\n" } [/block] ## Document Generators and More by Non-Law Firms [block:html] { "html": "\t\t\t<ul class=\"li-inline\">\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.neotalogic.com/\">Neota Logic</a> has an expert system</li>\n <li> <a href=\"http://www.oracle.com/us/products/applications/oracle-policy-automation/overview/index.html\">Oracle Policy Automation</a> helps you build an expert system</li>\n <li> <a href=\"http://www.inrule.com/\">InRule</a></li>\n <li> <a href=\"http://coherentknowledge.com/ergo-suite-platform-architecture-and-technical-approach/\">Ergo</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://www.rocketlawyer.com/legal-documents-forms.rl\">RocketLawyer</a> </li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.shakelaw.com/\">Shake</a></li>\n <li> <a href=\"http://formswift.com/\">FormSwift</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://contractstandards.com/\">Contract Standards</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://clausehound.com/\">Clausehound</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.ultradox.com/\">UltraDox</a> converts Google Docs to Microsoft Word</li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.weagree.com/\">WeAgree</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.legalcontract.com/\">LegalContract</a> has good decent wizards covering the US</li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://termsfeed.com/\">TermsFeed</a> generates EULAs, privacy policies, and more.</li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://kmstandards.com/\">KM Standards (Kingsley Martin)</a> reads and writes contracts ― see <a href=\"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KBI8_tv2VDM&feature=youtu.be&t=11m15s\">his 2013 FutureLaw talk</a>.</li>\n <li> <a href=\"https://papersoftware.com/turner.html\">Turner</a> is a pleasant Mac-app.</li>\n <li><a href=\"https://www.synergist.io\">Synergist</a> is a contract negotiation platform with easily tunable knobs.</li>\n\t\t\t</ul>" } [/block] ## Document Assembly for Law Firms and In-House Counsel [block:html] { "html": "\t\t\t<ul class=\"li-inline\">\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.hotdocs.com/\">HotDocs</a> </li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.business-integrity.com/\">ContractExpress by Business Integrity</a> </li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.exari.com/\">Exari</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://caserails.com/\">CaseRails</a></li>\n <li> <a href=\"http://xpressdox.com/\">XpressDox</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://docassemble.org/\">DocAssemble</a> is opensource (YAML and Python) and allows domain experts to build what <a href=\"https://cgi.csc.liv.ac.uk/~tbc/publications/deepModels.pdf\">TBC would call</a> a shallow-model expert system wizard.</li>\n <li> <a href=\"http://www.qnamarkup.org/\">QnA</a> is a DSL for conducting and displaying interviews.</li>\n <li> <a href=\"http://www.autto.io/\">Autto</a> is kind of IFTTT for lawyers, with workflows as an expert system</li>\n <li> <a href=\"http://www.oxlegal.com/\">OxLegal</a> was a startup</li>\n <li><a href=\"https://papersoftware.com/turner.html\">Turner</a> is a contract-drafting IDE</li>\n\t\t\t</ul>\n\n\t\t <p>Every law firm has proprietary clause libraries. These are open</p>\n\t\t <ul class=\"li-inline\">\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://contractstandards.com/\">Contract Standards</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://lawpatch.org/\">LawPatch</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.commonaccord.org/\">CommonAccord</a></li>\n <li> <a href=\"http://www.commondraft.org/#ConfKExpress\">CommonDraft</a></li>\n\t\t </ul>\n\t\t " } [/block] ## Other Legal Startups [block:html] { "html": "\t\t <ul class=\"li-inline\">\n <li> <a href=\"http://www.asialawportal.com/2016/12/19/legal-startup-ai-law-set-to-deploy-an-army-of-robotic-lawyers-in-china/\">Ai.Law</a> will eat it all, from China.</li>\n <li> <a href=\"http://www.korumlegal.com/\">Korum Legal</a> is a boutique legal consultancy for special projects at cheaper rates. </li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://legalscience.io/\">Legal Science</a> tracks current law across 50 states</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"https://www.techinasia.com/fiscalnote-legal-tech-asia-expansion\">FiscalNote</a>, Tim Hwang's startup, has raised $20M</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.complyglobal.com/\">ComplyGlobal</a> helps big business cover their many widely dispersed asses</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.legaltechlabs.com/portfolio/\">LegalTechLabs</a> has a portfolio of startups</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.synergist.io/\">Synergist</a> is a platform for online negotiation</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"https://parleypro.com/\">Parley Pro</a> negotiate better contracts faster</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.businessinsider.com/joshua-browder-bot-for-parking-tickets-2016-2?IR=T&op=1&utm_content=bufferd4151&utm_medium=social&utm_source=facebook.com&utm_campaign=buffer?r=US&IR=T\">Joshua Browder's bot</a> gets you out of parking tickets</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.axiomlaw.com/\">Axiom</a> is positioning initially as an outsourcing option for in-house counsel See <a href=\"http://lawprofessors.typepad.com/legalwhiteboard/2013/11/is-axiom-the-bellwether-for-disruption-in-the-legal-industry-look-what-is-happening-in-houston.html\">coverage</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.judicata.com/\">Judicata</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.lexmachina.com/\">Lex Machina</a> groks patent law</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.elementaryip.com/\">elementaryIP</a> groks patent law</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.lawgeex.com/\">LawGeex</a> reads contracts</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"https://kirasystems.com/\">Kira</a> reads contracts</li>\n <li> <a href=\"http://beagle.ai/\">Beagle.ai</a> reads contracts</li>\n <li><a href=\"https://www.luminance.com/\">Luminance</a> reads contracts (and other documents in dataroooms)</li>\n <li><a href=\"https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-02-28/jpmorgan-marshals-an-army-of-developers-to-automate-high-finance\">JPMorgan</a> reads contracts</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://techcrunch.com/2015/08/14/jeugene-detects-errors-in-legal-documents-saving-time-and-money/?ncid=rss&utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+Techcrunch+%28TechCrunch%29&sr_share=twitter\">jEugene</a> reads contracts</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://counselytics.com/\">Counselytics</a> reads contracts</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"https://legalrobot.com/\">LegalRobot</a> reads contracts</li>\n <li> <a href=\"https://www.ravn.co.uk/\">RAVN</a> reads contracts</li>\n <li> <a href=\"http://metajure.com/\">MetaJure</a> reads contracts</li>\n <li> <a href=\"http://rfrnz.com/\">rfrnz</a> reads contracts</a>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://litiq.com/\">LitIQ drafts contracts</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"https://www.vizlegal.com/\">VizLegal</a> for legal research</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://logikcull.com/\">Logikcull</a> does e-discovery</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://everlaw.com/\">Everlaw</a> also does e-discovery</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://hlpintegration.com/?doing_wp_cron=1455722411.7378211021423339843750\">HLP Integration</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"https://www.rsvplaw.com/\">RSVPlaw</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> See also <a href=\"http://www.inc.com/drew-hendricks/the-4-startups-changing-the-legal-landscape.html\">Inc.com on 4 Startups changing the Legal Landscape</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"https://www.ramendocs.com/\">RamenDocs</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.allegorylaw.com/#allegory\">Allegory Law</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"https://www.ravellaw.com/\">Ravel Law</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"https://angel.co/haystackhq\">Haystack HQ</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"https://www.cicayda.com/\">Cicayda</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.lexbe.com/\">Lexbe</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.modria.com/\">Modria</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"https://www.linkedin.com/company/waytosettle\">WayToSettle</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"https://www.linkedin.com/company/zipcourt\">ZipCourt</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"https://juristat.com/\">Juristat</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://ipstreet.com/\">IPStreet</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"https://www.goclio.com/\">Clio</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.mycase.com/\">MyCase</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"https://www.cosmolex.com/\">CosmoLex</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.lawyerfy.com/\">Lawyerfy</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.firmzen.com/\">Firmzen</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.legify.com/\">Legify</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://lawful.ly/\">Lawful.ly</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.simplelegal.com/\">SimpleLegal</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"https://www.viewabill.com/pages/home\">Viewabill</a></li>\n <li> <a href=\"https://vulcanpost.com/604420/firstcounsel-legal-support-for-singapore-businesses/\">FirstCounsel</a> offers legal support</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.lawhackers.co/\">Law Hackers</a> for a curated list of legal startups</li>\n\n\t\t </ul>\n\n" } [/block] ## Legal Research [block:html] { "html": "<ul class=\"li-inline\">\n\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://leiterlawschool.typepad.com/leiter/2015/12/promotional-feature-makeover-for-statutory-supplements-is-long-overdue-michael-simkovic.html#\">LawEdge</a></li>\n\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.global-regulation.com/search.php?open\">Global-Regulation</a></li>\n\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://www.justia.com/\">Justia</a></li>\n\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://www.fastcase.com/\">FastCase</a></li>\n\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://casetext.com/\">CaseText</a></li>\n\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://pushlegal.com/\">PushLegal</a></li>\n\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://www.docketalarm.com/\">Docket Alarm</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.acadmx.com/\">Academx</a> helps lawyers write</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"https://www.mylegalwhiz.com/\">MyLegalWhiz</a>, <a href=\"https://www.intelllex.com/users/sign_up\">Intelllex</a> and <a href=\"http://www.rossintelligence.com/\">Ross Intelligence</a> help lawyers do research</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.bluejlegal.com/\">Blue J Legal</a> helps lawyers research tax law</li>\n</ul>\n" } [/block] ## Github Repository [block:html] { "html": "<ul class=\"li-inline\">\n <li> <a href=\"https://jduclos.com/notes/github-for-lawyers\">Github for Law!</a> surfaced <a href=\"https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=13446275\">on Hacker News</a> and attracted <a href=\"https://medium.com/@Legalese/code-is-law-is-code-4492c864f33f\">a response on the Legalese blog</a>.</lia>\n\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://ironsides.github.io/\">Ironsides</a> open legal operating system for start-up companies</li>\n\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://github.com/commonform/commonform-orrick\">Common Form</a> on Orrick's templates</li>\n\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://github.com/seriesnext/seriesnext\">Seriesnext</a> a community revision of the Series Seed financing documents</li>\n\t\t </ul>\n " } [/block] # Academic Research and Development [block:html] { "html": "<ul class=\"li-inline\">\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.cocounsel.co/\">CO/COUNSEL</a></li>\n\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.plainsite.org/\">PlainSite</a></li>\n\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://complaw.stanford.edu/\">Stanford Computational Law</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://codex.stanford.edu/projects/\">Stanford's Codex Center for Legal Informatics</a> produces <a href=\"http://www.legalproductivity.com/technology/codex-legal-tech-startups/\">a crop of startups every year</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.effacts.com/blog/the-stanford-computable-contracts-initiative\">Stanford's Computable Contracts Initiative</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"https://legalinformatics.wordpress.com/legal-informatics-research-network-google-group/\">Legal Informatics Research Network</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.commonaccord.org/\">CommonAccord</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://lexpert.com/en/documents/Haapio-Next_Generation_Contracts.pdf\">Next Generation Contracts</a> by Helena Haapio</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://szabo.best.vwh.net/contractlanguage.html\">Nick Szabo on formal languages</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://lawreview.law.ucdavis.edu/issues/46/2/Articles/46-2_Surden.pdf\">Surden on Computable Contracts</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2538224\">Floyd &amp; Goodenough, Contracts as Automata</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"https://twitter.com/richardsusskind\">Richard Susskind</a>, author of <a href=\"http://www.amazon.com/Tomorrows-Lawyers-Introduction-Your-Future/dp/019966806X/\">Tomorrow's Lawyers</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"https://twitter.com/StanfordLaw/lists/abafutures\">ABA Futures</a> and <a href=\"http://www.abajournal.com/legalrebels/article/welcome_to_the_future_a_travel_guide_to_tomorrows_lawyer_careers?utm_source=internal&utm_medium=navigation&utm_campaign=navbar\">ABA Journal</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://radicalconcepts.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/Legal-Technology-Informatics_-Course-Reader.1.15.15.pdf\">Ron Dolin's Legal Technology and Informatics Course Reader</a>\n\t\t </ul>" } [/block] ## Computational Legal Studies Borrowing from social science, these apply computational data-science techniques to the legal world. [block:html] { "html": "<ul class=\"li-inline\">\n <li><a href=\"http://www.thelawlab.com/\">The Law Lab</a> at Illinois Tech</li>\n <li><a href=\"https://www.santafe.edu/news-center/news/lawos-regulations-societys-operating-system\">LawOS</a> at Santa Fe Institute</li>\n\t<li> <a href=\"http://law.mit.edu/\">law.mit.edu</a> takes a social-science approach to examining law: see <a href=\"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G2_1I9aUwgs\">Dazza's video</a>.</li>\n \n</ul>" } [/block] ## Contract Formalization and Natural Language Generation [block:html] { "html": "\t\t <ul class=\"li-inline\">\n <li> The need for multilingual contracts can be seen in Indonesia, where <a href=\"http://www.lexology.com/library/detail.aspx?g=6d2d5a97-5556-49d6-b76c-cf6e8e63d62d\">a court has ruled</a> that contracts must be in both Bahasa and another language</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/barclays-smart-contract-templates-heralds-first-ever-public-demo-r3s-corda-platform-1555329\">CLACK at UCL</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"https://medium.com/@ConsenSys/what-if-we-developed-legal-contracts-like-we-developed-software-applications-1b5bc8fbb915#.uoiiqx9ku\">Joe Dewey's essay</a> on <a href=\"http://contractcode.meteor.com/\">ContractCode</a>, April 6, 2016</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://commonform.github.io/\">CommonForm</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"https://medium.com/@PaxDirectory/codex-a-legal-scripting-language-e3723cc76662#.neyprdp7o\">Codex</a> by Pax is a scripting language for Ethereum; <a href=\"http://bitlegal.io/2016/03/03/codex-a-new-smart-contracts-language/\">in concert with Pax Directory</a></li>\n <li> <a href=\"https://tezos.com/pages/tech.html\">Michelson, by Tezos</a>, is a scripting language for smart contracts</li>\n <li> <a href=\"https://claryon.github.io/lexon/\">Lexon, by Lexys</a>, is a scripting language for smart contracts</li>\n <li> <a href=\"https://medium.com/@chriseth/babbage-a-mechanical-smart-contract-language-5c8329ec5a0e\">Babbage</a> smart contract language for Ethereum</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.restatement.org/\">Restatement</a> by Jason Boehmig, Tim Hwang, and Paul Sawaya. (<a href=\"https://blog.law.cornell.edu/voxpop/2014/06/03/rough-consensus-running-standards-the-restatement-project/\">intro essay</a>; see also <a href=\"https://github.com/legalese-io/legalese-io.github.io/blob/master/doc/modeling.org#background-reading\">Modeling - Background Reading</a>)</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.commonaccord.org/\">CommonAccord</a> has some <a href=\"https://docs.google.com/document/d/1jm9t61JnqLqsV50cD9Mzwyu8cXWRmVFaI2XK-UaFggk/pub\">early thinking</a> online.</li>\n \t\t<li> <a href=\"https://github.com/mpoulshock/HammurabiProject\">Hammurabi Project</a> hosts its DSL in Wolfram Language (Mathematica). An <a href=\"https://github.com/mpoulshock/hammurabi\">earlier version</a> developed a DSL called Akkadian.</li>\n\t\t\t<li> You've heard of <a href=\"https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/XBRL\">XBRL</a>, now the SEC wants <a href=\"http://lambda-the-ultimate.org/node/3922\">Python</a>.</li>\n <li> In the 1980s, the <a href=\"http://opim.wharton.upenn.edu/~sok/papers/s/p370-sergot.pdf\">British Nationality Act was encoded in Prolog</a>.</li>\n\t\t </ul>" } [/block] ## Smart Contract Implementations and Papers [block:html] { "html": "\t\t <ul class=\"li-inline\">\n <li> <a href=\"http://ethernote.herokuapp.com\">Ethernote</a> appears to be a proof-of-concept implementing a promissory note as a smart contract</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://counterparty.io/\">Counterparty</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://smartcontract.com/\">SmartContract</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.otonomos.com/\">Otonomos</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://democracy.earth/\">Democracy Earth</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"https://eprint.iacr.org/2015/460.pdf\">Step by Step Towards Creating a Safe Smart Contract: Lessons and Insights from a Cryptocurrency Lab</a> by Delmolino, Arnett, Kosba, Miller, &amp; Shi</li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.diku.dk/hjemmesider/ansatte/hvitved/publications/hvitved10flacosb.pdf\">A Survey of Formal Languages for Contracts</a> from FLACOS 2010</li> \n <li><a href=\"https://digitalasset.com/press/introducing-daml.html\">Digital Assest Modelling Language</a></li>\n <li><a href=\"http://www.coindesk.com/chain-ivy-blockchain-smart-contract-language/\">Ivy Smart Contract Language</a></li>\n <li><a href=\"http://blockchain.cs.ucl.ac.uk/\">UCL's blockchain group</a></li>\n <li><a href=\"http://www.initc3.org/\">Initative for Cryptocurrencies and Contracts</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.diku.dk/~simonsen/papers/c2.pdf\">Compositional Specification of Commercial Contracts</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/um/people/simonpj/Papers/financial-contracts/contracts-icfp.pdf\">Composing contracts: an adventure in financial engineering</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://www.diku.dk/~paba/pubs/files/bahr15icfp-paper.pdf\">Certified Symbolic Management of Financial Multi-party Contracts</a></li>\n\t\t\t<li> <a href=\"http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.36.4777&rep=rep1&type=pdf\">The Representation of Legal Contracts</a> by Aspassia Daskalopulu and Marek Sergot, 1997</li>\n <li><a href=\"http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/um/people/nswamy/papers/solidether.pdf\">Formal Verification of Smart Contracts</a></li>\n <li><a href=\"https://attores.com/\">Attores</a> will build your smart contracts</li>\n <li><a href=\"http://susa.io/\">Susa</a> will build your smart contracts</li>\n <li><a href=\"http://www.adjoint.io/\">Adjoint</a> will build and formally verify your smart contracts</li>\n <li> <a href=\"http://www.clause.io/\">Clause</a> will build a Ricardian smart contract</li>\n <li><a href=\"https://ethcore.io/\">EthCore</a> will build and browse your smart contracts</li>\n \t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.mintchalk.com/\">Mintchalk</a> is a web IDE for smart contracts</li>\n <li> <a href=\"https://github.com/OpenZeppelin/zeppelin-solidity\">OpenZeppelin</a> is an opensource library for smart contracts</li>\n <li><a href=\"http://fc17.ifca.ai/wtsc/Trust%20in%20Smart%20Contracts%20is%20a%20Process,%20As%20Well.pdf\">Trust in Smart Contracts is a Process, As Well</a></li>\n <li>Kadena's haskell-based turing-incomplete <a href=\"http://kadena.io/\">PACT</a> language </li>\n\t\t </ul>\n" } [/block] ## Smart Statutes, Digital Legislation [block:html] { "html": "<ul class=\"li-inline\">\n <li> <a href=\"http://internetofagreements.com/\">Internet of Agreements</a> by Vinay Gupta explains demand from blockchain</li>\n<li> <a href=\"https://digital-legislation.net/\">Digital Legislation</a> from Data61 attempts to answer the call</li>\n <li><a href=\"http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-1620/paper7.pdf\">Making Sense of Regulations with SBVR</a></li>\n <li><a href=\"https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-319-42019-6_17\">SBVR to OWL 2 Mapping in the Domain of Legal Rules</a> </li>\n <li><a href=\"https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-662-45960-7_14\">On the Road to Regulatory Ontologies: Interpreting Regulations with SBVR</a></li>\n</ul>" } [/block] ## Electronic Signatures and Contract Management [Adobe EchoSign](http://echosign.adobe.com) is the well-respected granddaddy, modulo [some grumpiness](https://medium.com/@mengwong/why-after-a-year-with-adobe-echosign-i-m-taking-my-business-elsewhere-835cbd23d4a6). Competitors include: [block:html] { "html": "<ul class=\"li-inline\">\n<li><a href=\"https://www.docusign.com/\">DocuSign</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://www.hellosign.com/\">HelloSign</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://getsigneasy.com/\">SignEasy</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://scrive.com/\">Scrive</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://digisigner.com/\">DigiSigner</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://rightsignature.com/\">RightSignature</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"https://www.silanis.com/\">e-SignLive by Silanis</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.elock.com/solutions.html\">E-Lock</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> and <a href=\"http://digital-signature.softwareinsider.com/\">dozens more (see the full list)</a></li>\n\t\t\t</ul>\n" } [/block] ## Contract Lifecycle Management [block:html] { "html": "<ul class=\"li-inline\">\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.contractlogix.com/\">Contract Logix</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.concordnow.com/\">Concord Now</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.exari.com/\">Exari</a></li>\n\t\t\t <li> <a href=\"http://www.icertis.com/solution/\">Icertis</a></li>\n <li> <a href=\"http://precisely.se/\">Precisely</a> is doing contract management software with pleasant UX</li> \n\t\t\t</ul>" } [/block] ## Lawyers and Law Firms who get it [block:html] { "html": "<ul class=\"li-inline\">\n <li> <a href=\"http://opencounsel.net/services.php\">OpenCounsel</a> headed by <a href=\"http://aliquidnovi.org/about-2/\">Andrew Rens</a></li>\n <li> <a href=\"https://twitter.com/TheNakedLawyer\">Chrissie Lightfoot on Twitter</a></li>\n <li> <a href=\"https://github.com/KingandWoodMallesonsAU/Project-DnA\">KWM's Project DnA on Github</a>\n </ul>" } [/block] ## Other Interesting Things [block:html] { "html": "<div class=\"li-inline\"><ul>\n <li><a href=\"http://www.lawsitesblog.com/legal-tech-startups\">Ambrogi's Legal Tech Startups list</a></li>\n <li><a href=\"http://tech.law.stanford.edu/\">tech.law.stanford.edu</a></li>\n <li><a href=\"http://lawyersongithub.com/\">Lawyers On Github</a></li>\n <li><a href=\"https://angel.co/legal\">AngelList shows over a thousand startups in the legal category</a>, but many of these are what we call \"law firms with websites\", not actual LegalTech startups</li>\n <li><a href=\"https://artificiallawyer.com)\">Artificial Lawyer</a> is a blog covering the computational legal field</li>\n</ul></div>" } [/block] ## Artificial Intelligence and Natural Language Processing Reliable natural language processing is a *vastly harder* problem than domain-specific-languages, compilers, and natural language generation, but we wish them the best. Should they be successful, drafting contracts which meet their AI's approval will be straight-forward because we can run the contracts through the AI ourselves. [block:html] { "html": "<ul class=\"li-inline\">\n<li><a href=\"http://www.legalcheek.com/2016/09/freshfields-joins-clifford-chance-and-dla-piper-in-embracing-artificial-intelligence-software-kira/\">Kira</a> is used by a surprising number of law firms.</li>\n<li> <a href=\"https://hirepeter.com/\">Peter</a> does for legal what <a href=\"http://claralabs.com/\">Clara</a> does for appointments</li> \n <li><a href=\"http://www.riverviewlaw.com/\">Riverview Law</a> is also developing an artificial assistant.</li>\n <li><a href=\"https://thoughtriver.com\">ThoughtRiver</a> does NLP to read contracts and reason about them</li>\n <li><a href=\"http://www.recommind.com/perceptiv-product-page/\">Perceptiv</a> also does NLP to read and extract data from finance contracts</li>\n</ul>" } [/block] ## Unauthorized Practice of Law Wait, aren't a lot of these startups [breaking the law](href="http://www.abajournal.com/magazine/article/latest_legal_victory_has_legalzoom_poised_for_growth)? Well, maybe the law is broken. * [Robot, Robot &amp; Hwang](http://www.robotandhwang.com/) * [ABA Commission on the Future of Legal Services](http://www.americanbar.org/content/dam/aba/images/office_president/final_unregulated_lsp_entities_issues_paper.pdf), [final report](http://abafuturesreport.com/#1), comments from [CodeX](https://law.stanford.edu/2016/08/10/abas-dismal-report-future-of-legal-services/) * [When Public Policies Collide: Self-Help Software and UPL](https://www.questia.com/library/journal/1G1-75707100/when-public-policies-collide-legal-self-help-software) * [Technology and the Unauthorized Practice of Law](http://www.lawtechnologytoday.org/2015/06/technology-and-the-unauthorized-practice-of-law/) * [Latest legal victory has LegalZoom poised for growth](http://www.abajournal.com/magazine/article/latest_legal_victory_has_legalzoom_poised_for_growth) * [Law firms fight to protect their turf from accountants](http://www.livemint.com/Companies/XqsAI5vIItPbA59gQ8H6KP/Law-firms-fight-to-protect-their-turf-against-accountants.html) # Wait, then how is Legalese different or better than all these resources? Most of the resources above are _document-oriented_. Each template, for instance, gets you a single agreement for a set of parties to execute. Typically, you fill in the blanks in a Word doc, or in a web app wizard. The result is flattened onto the page. This is fine for simple agreements, like an NDA. But some deals involve multiple documents, all of which have to agree with one another. Think about an investment deal which needs a Term Sheet, a Subscription Agreement, a Shareholders Agreement, and a Deed of Ratification and Accession, not to mention all the corp-sec Directors' and Members' Resolutions needed to validate each corporate act. The same names and terms appear in multiple documents. (A deal begins to look like something you can – and should – configure and compile using m4 and make!) So, the world needs _workflow-oriented_ solutions. * [Clerky](https://clerky.com) is workflow-oriented. It has the notion of Document Sets. But Clerky doesn't support a lot of workflows. They support incorporation but not investment. (At time of writing, 20150504) And the templates are closed, so you can't add your own. * [Valcu](http://valcu.co/) is worth a look too. * [Docracy](http://www.docracy.com/) is more open. Their vision is to be Github for legal documents. Their web editing UI is pretty nifty, and you can fork any document. But they're document-, not workflow-oriented. And you have to be a lawyer to add a new document. Legalese is both workflow-oriented and open. Each workflow in Legalese produces one or more agreements for the parties to execute. Instead of editing the document directly, you describe the particulars of the parties and the terms of the deal in a separate spreadsheet. Legalese compiles your workflow's docset by combining the spreadsheet with the templates. To rebuild your docs, just hit `make`. For Unix hackers, this is pseudocode for what happens behind the scenes of the Web UI: `$ make model seedround send` ``` loading negotiated term sheet from Google Sheets... loading cap table from Google Sheets... loading party particulars from Google Sheets... downloading latest legal rule engine for relevant jurisdiction... fetching missing information via regulatory APIs... fetching latest version of agreement templates from Github... computing amendments required for constitutional documents... parsing articles-of-association.pdf computing corporate actions and resolutions required... parsing history of corporate actions... 16 PDFs found... analysis complete. constructing company model... done. computing dependency graph for seed round financing... staging... producing PDFs... stage 1 PDF: Term Sheet for Seed Round stage 1 PDF: New Articles of Association describing Vesting/ESOP and Series AA shares stage 1 PDF: Directors' Resolutions Announcing Fundraising and Alterations to Articles stage 1 PDF: Members' Resolutions Approving Alterations to Articles of Association stage 1 PDF: Volunteer Agreements -- IP Assignment, Confidentiality, Noncompete stage 1 PDF: Shareholder Agreements -- Drags/Tags, Preemptive & Information Rights stage 1 PDF: Description of Vesting Scheme and ESOP stage 1 PDF: Directors' Resolutions Announcing Vesting Scheme and ESOP stage 1 PDF: Members' Resolutions Approving Vesting Scheme and ESOP stage 1 PDF: Directors' Resolutions Announcing Issue of New Shares for Vesting/ESOP stage 1 PDF: Members' Resolutions Approving Issue of New Shares for Vesting/ESOP stage 1 PDF: Directors Notify Shareholders of Pro Rata Rights for Vesting/ESOP stage 1 PDF: Shareholders Waive Pro Rata Rights for Vesting/ESOP stage 1 PDF: Directors' Resolutions to Issue and Allot New Vesting/ESOP Shares stage 1 PDF: Instruction to Corporate Secretary to File Vesting/ESOP Shares stage 2 PDF: Checklist Bundle for Conditions Precedent stage 2 PDF: Cap Table, before Series AA stage 2 PDF: Cap Table, after Series AA stage 2 PDF: Investment Agreement for Seed Round Series AA stage 2 PDF: Deed of Ratification and Accession for Seed Round Series AA stage 3 PDF: Directors' Resolutions to Issue and Allot New Series AA Shares stage 3 PDF: Instruction to Corporate Secretary to File Series AA Shares stage 3 PDF: Series AA Share Certificates sending Stage 1 PDFs for signature via Adobe EchoSign... seed round Stage 1 paperwork sent. Please check your email. will poll Stage 1 paperwork status once an hour. will send Stage 2 PDFs when all Stage 1 PDFs are received. will send Stage 3 PDFs when all Stage 2 PDFs are received and funds arrive. ``` Legalese takes openness to a new level: the templates sit in public Github repositories (right now, the templates are in XML, which admittedly might scare off some people.) And the configuration spreadsheets live in Google Spreadsheets. So you can import and export your data as you see fit. Legalese has global ambitions. Most of the above services focus on one, at most two jurisdictions. Legalese serves people who live outside the U.S. too. Legalese is Web 2.0 the way YouTube, Wikipedia, and Github are Web 2.0. Convincing or paying lawyers to upload their precious precedents doesn't scale. We're betting on user-generated content. Maybe only one in a hundred users will upload their lawyer-drafted documents into Legalese; with enough users, that should be enough. Maybe we'll even have Kickstarter for desired contracts!